Wertheim E H, Habib C, Cumming G: Test of the neurolinguistic programming hypothesis that eye movements relate to processing imagery.
Perceptual and Motor Skilled 62(2): 523-529, 1986.
Abstract: Examined the hypothesis that eye-movements reflect sensory processing. 28 right-handed Ss (mean age 24 yrs) first memorized and then recalled visual, auditory, and kinesthetic stimuli. Changes in eye-positions during recall were videotaped and categorized by 2 raters into positions hypothesized by R. Bandler and J. Grinder's (1979) model to represent visual, auditory, and kinesthetic recall. Planned contrast analyses suggested that visual stimulus items, when recalled, elicited significantly more upward eye-positions and stares than auditory and kinesthetic items. Auditory and kinesthetic items, however, did not elicit more changes in eye- position hypothesized by the model to represent auditory and kinesthetic recall, respectively.